1. Definitions : In this Chapter, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context:


  • "adult" means a person who has attained the age of eighteen years ;
  • "arsh" means the compensation specified in this Chapter to be paid to the victim or his

heirs under this Chapter;                                               .

  • "authorised medical officer" means a medical officer or a Medical board, howsoever designated, authorised by the Provincial Government;
  • "daman" means the compensation determined by the Court to be paid by the offender to the victim for causing hurt not liable to arsh;
  • "diyat" means the compensation specified in Section 323 payable to the heirs of the victim ;
  • "Government" means the Provincial Government,
  • "ikrah-e-tam" means putting any person, his .spouse or any of his blood relations within the prohibited degree of marriage in fear of instant death or instant, permanent impairing of any organ of the body or instant fear of being subjected to sodomy or ziha-bil-jabr;
  • "ikrah-e-naqis" means any form of duress which does not amount to ikrah-i-tam;
  • "minor" means a person who is not an adult;
  • "qatl" means causing death of a person ;
  • "qisas" means punishment by causing similar hurt at the same part of the body of the convict as he has caused to the victim or by causing his death if he has committed qatl-i-amd in exercise Of the right of the victim or a wali',
  • "ta'zir" means purushment other than qisas, diyat, arsh , or daman; and
  • "wali" means a person entitled to claim qisas.
  1. Qatl-e-Amd : Whoever, with the intention of causing death or with the intention of causing bodily injury to a person, by doing an act which in the ordinary course of nature is likely to cause death, or with-the knowledge that his act is so imminently dangerous that it must in all probability cause death, causes the death of such person, is said to commit qatl-e-amd.
  1. Causing death of person other than the person whose death was intended : Where a person, by doing anything which he intends or knows to be likely to cause death, causes death of any person whose death he neither intends nor knows himself to be likely to cause, such an act committed by the offender shall be liable for qatl-i-amd.


  1. Punishment of qatl-i-amd : Whoever commits qatl-e-amd shall, subject to the provisions of this Chapter be:


(a) punished with death as qisas;

  • punished with death for imprisonment for life as ta'zir having regard to the facts and circumstances of the case, if the proof in either of the forms specified in Section 304 is not available; or
  • punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to twenty-five years, where according to the Injunctions of Islam the punishment of qisas is tot applicable.
  1. Qatl committed under ikrah-i-tam or ikrah-i-naqis : Whoever commits qatl:
  • under Ikrah-i-tam shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to twenty-five years but shall not be less than ten years and the person causing 'ikrah-i-tam' shall be punished for the '.kind of Qatl committed as a consequence of ikrah-i-tam; or under 'ikrah-i-naqis' shall be punished for the kind of Qatl committed by him and the person, causing 'ikrah-i-naqis, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years.
  1. Proof of qatl-i-amd liable to qisas, etc.: (1) Proof of qatl-i-amd shall be in any of the following forms, namely: -
  • the accused makes before a Court competent to try the offence a voluntary and true confession of the commission of the offence; or
  • by the evidence as provided in Article 17 of the Qanun-e-Shalladat, 1984 (P.O. No. 10 of 1984).
  • The provisions of sub-section (1) shall, mutatis, mutandis, apply to a hurt liable to qisas.
  1. Wali: In case of qatl, the wali shall be--
  • the heirs of the victim, according to his personal law; and
  • the Government, if there is no heir.


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Section/Act: 420 Cheating and dishonestly Inducing delivery of property

Whoever cheats and thereby dishonestly induces the person deceived to deliver any property to any person, or to make, alter or destroy the whole or any part of a valuable security, or anything which is signed or sealed, and which is capable of being converted into a valuable security, shall be punished with imprisonment, of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

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