Agriculture Sciences (Plant Genetics)

Sr. No.

Core Areas

Percentage

1.

Plant Breeding

25 %

2.

Cyto Genetics

10 %

3.

General Genetics

25 %

4.

Genetics Engineering

20 %

5.

Bio Technology

10 %

6.

Tissue Culture

10 %

 

Total

100%

 

Agriculture Sciences (Plant Genetics) – (Detailed)

Sr. No.

Core Areas

Percentage

1.

 

PLANT BREEDING:

 

Breeding methods for self-pollinated crop plants , Breeding methods for cross-pollinated crop plants, Breeding fiber crops, Breeding field crops, Breeding oilseed crops, Breeding fodder and forage crops, Breeding cereal crops, Breeding pulse crops, Biometry.

25 %

2.

 

CYTO GENETICS:

 

Plant cell organelles and their role in inheritance. Gross morphology and functions of chromosomes. Fine structure of chromosomes. Cytological differences in mitosis and meiosis.

Cytological basis and proofs of crossing over, factors affecting crossing over. Chromosome mapping.

10 %

3.

 

GENERAL GENETICS:

 

Heredity and variation, Chromosome theory of heredity: Sutton-Bovri law, Mendel’s law of segregation and independent assortment, Monohybrid and dihybrid phenotypic and genotypic ratios and their modifications. Genetic coding, molecular basis of gene, mutation. Pleiotropy and multiple allelism, Linkage and crossing over, Three point and multi point linkage tests, Chemical nature of genetic material. Sex determination. Structure and replication of DNA and RNA.

25 %

4.

 

GENETICS ENGINEERING:

 

Basics of genetic engineering. Basics of molecular biology: structure, organization, expression and regulation of gene. Tronsposons. DNA amplification, the polymerase chain reaction, DNA finger printing, transformation, gene cloning.

20 %

5.

 

BIO TECHNOLOGY:

 

Genetic code and protein synthesis. Basic control system in gene expression. Recombinant DNA, transformation, identification of recombinants, various techniques of developing transgenic plants, PCR and its applications.

10 %

6.

 

TISSUE CULTURE:

 

In vitro culture techniques: callus culture, cell suspension culture, protoplast culture, Scope of transgenic plants in plant breeding, Bioinformatics.

10 %

 

Total

100%

 

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